The Zaisan Memorial stands atop a hill in the Southern area of Ulaanbaatar, and can only be reached by climbing up 300 steps. The circular memorial, which was ostensibly built to commemorate the Soviet soldiers who fell in WWII, depicts scenes of friendship between the Mongolian and Soviet people, and thus promotes good relations. Also depicted are scenes of the defeat of the Japanese in 1939, which brought Mongolia under the Soviet influence.
The memorial affords magnificent views of the Mongolian capital and the mountains which surround it, as well as the Tuul river which flows (though not at the moment!) through the city. Well worth the hike!
Just next to Zaisan Hill lies Buddha Park, in the centre of which stands an 18m Sakyamuni figure. When it was erected in 2007, the statue is reported to have been filled with five tons of juniper.